Baixo Rio Negro
The IPÊ – Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (Ecological Research Institute) has been active in the Amazon region since 2000, more specifically in the lower Rio Negro region, carrying out projects aimed at the conservation of biodiversity and the socio-environmental sustainability of the mosaic of conservation units located in this region. 1,800,000 hectares, operating in the following units: Anavilhanas Ecological Station; State Parks of Rio Negro – Northern Sector and South Sector, State APA of the Left Bank of Rio Negro – Sector Aturiá-Apuazinho and State APA of the Right Bank of Rio Negro – Puduari-Solimões Sector; Tupé Municipal Sustainable Development Reserve.
The headquarters of the IPÊ is in Nazaré Paulista, located less than 100 kilometers away from the city of São Paulo. This municipality stands out for the scenic and natural beauties, as well as being part of a strategic region for the use and conservation of socio-environmental resources such as water and the Atlantic Forest. This is where the reservoirs of the Cantareira System are located, responsible for supplying water to almost ten percent of the Brazilian population. To help conserve these resources, IPÊ develops research projects and environmental education, linked to conservation actions in the region. The main themes of the projects developed in Nazaré are: restoration of areas of Atlantic Forest, conservation of wild mammals, ecosystem services and sustainable business.
Pantanal e Cerrado
The Pantanal is one of the largest areas of continuous wetlands on the planet and covers about 160,000 km² of lowland floodplains. The vegetation is influenced by four biomes: Amazon Forest, Cerrado (predominant), Chaco and Atlantic Forest. In the biome, IPÊ develops the National Tapir Conservation Initiative.
Pontal do Paranapanema
In 1942, the “Great Reserve of Pontal do Paranapanema” was created, located in the extreme west of the State of São Paulo, to protect 247 thousand hectares of forests. However, in the following years, this conservation unit was subjected to an intense process of forest fragmentation associated with land conflicts and land occupations by large landowners.